Understanding Facet Joint Syndrome: Causes and Symptoms

facet joint

facet joint

At Bay Area Disc Centers, we are proud to be your trusted source of information and care for spinal health. Facet joint syndrome is a common condition that affects the spine and can be caused in many different ways. Understanding the causes and recognizing the symptoms of facet joint syndrome is crucial for anyone experiencing back, neck, or disc pain. If you are seeking relief and effective treatment, we encourage you to contact us at our clinic, Bay Area Disc Centers, for personalized care.

What is Facet Joint Syndrome?

Facet joint syndrome, also known as facet joint arthropathy or facet joint osteoarthritis, is a condition that affects the facet joints of the spine. These small, paired joints located on the back of the spine play a vital role in providing stability and enabling movement between adjacent vertebrae. Facet joint syndrome occurs when the cartilage within these joints deteriorates, leading to inflammation, pain, and limited mobility.

Causes of Facet Joint Syndrome

Facet joint syndrome can be caused by natural aging processes, previous spinal trauma or injuries, and repetitive motions or excessive twisting of the spine, such as those experienced in certain activities or occupations.


The natural aging process contributes to the breakdown of cartilage within the facet joints, making them more susceptible to damage and inflammation.


Previous injuries or trauma to the spine, such as sprains, fractures, or repetitive stress, can lead to the development of facet joint syndrome.

Repetitive Motions

Certain activities or occupations that involve repetitive motions or excessive twisting of the spine can increase the risk of facet joint syndrome.

Symptoms of Facet Joint Syndrome

Recognizing the symptoms of facet joint syndrome is essential for timely diagnosis and effective treatment. If you experience any of the following signs, it’s important to seek professional evaluation.

Localized Pain

Pain associated with facet joint syndrome is typically felt in the affected area of the spine. Common locations include the lower back or neck. The pain may vary in intensity, ranging from dull and aching to sharp and debilitating.


People with facet joint syndrome often experience stiffness in the affected joints, making it difficult to bend, twist, or move the spine freely.

Radiating Pain

In some cases, pain may radiate from the facet joints into the surrounding areas. For instance, if the lumbar facet joints are affected, the pain may extend into the buttocks, hips, or down the legs.

Muscle Spasms

The muscles surrounding the affected facet joints may go into spasm as a protective response to the injury, causing additional discomfort.

Reduced Range of Motion

Facet joint syndrome can lead to a limited range of motion in the spine due to pain and stiffness in the affected joints.

Call Bay Area Disc Centers

Understanding facet joint syndrome, its potential causes, and recognizing the associated symptoms are vital steps towards finding relief from back, neck, or disc pain. If you or a loved one is experiencing any of these symptoms, we encourage you to reach out to Bay Area Disc Centers. Our dedicated team of Chiropractic professionals specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions like facet joint syndrome, providing personalized care to restore your spinal health and improve your quality of life.

Remember, seeking professional evaluation and early intervention can make a significant difference in managing and treating facet joint syndrome effectively. Don’t let pain hold you back; take the first step towards a pain-free life by contacting Bay Area Disc Centers today.